As version v4.1 of the Facebook PHP SDK nears release, I though this would be a good time to explain how the new version works. This is the first major update to the SDK since it was released in May 2014, and one that has been mostly lead by the open-source community.
It’s worth noting that v4.1 of the SDK is quite different to v4.0.x, and anyone upgrading to the new version should be aware that it will break your application until you update your integration. Unfortunately, there is no easy way to migrate to the new version.
Warning: Migrating from v4.0.x to v4.1 will break your application.
Assuming you’re not using
composer, here is how you include the SDK files in your code:
If you’re using
composer, you’ll only need to include the
session_start() part on line 10 (again, assuming you haven’t started the session elsewhere).
Note: At time of writing, I’m waiting for a pull request to be merged into the SDK to fix an issue with the autoload script. If this has not been merged, you will see a Fatal Error in the next step. Please see the diff of the pull request to see how to fix the issue.
Setting up your Application
You can then initialize the SDK using your API Key and API Secret from Facebook. In addition, you can (optionally) set the default HTTP Client (
curl) and Persistent Data (PHP
Login and Make API Call
The next step is to log the user into your application and make a simple GET API call. This is a bulk of the code, as we need to check if the user has already been authenticated and then make the API call.
You can use the post() method to make POST call to the API. For example, the below code demonstrates how to publish to the user’s timeline (provided that the
publish_actions permission has been granted):